Women Break Through Male-Dominated Fields
D.C./Employment Policy Foundation — Women are entering
male-dominated fields at increasing rates and for those who are, the
payoff is big — those women now earn the same or more than their
male counterparts, according to a new analysis released today from
the Employment Policy Foundation.
top ten white-collar occupations where women's participation has increased
most in the past decade are: veterinarians (female vets have increased
from less than 2 percent to 43 percent); top public administrators
(37 percent are now women, compared to 4 percent in 1989); math &
science teachers (increased 6-fold), chemistry teachers (increased
4-fold); industrial engineers (22 percent are now women, compared
to 6 percent in 1989); dentists (increased 4-fold); car salespeople
(increased 3-fold); messengers (increased 3-fold); physicians assistants
(increased from 20 percent to 58 percent); and members of the clergy
(6 percent of clergy members were women in 1989 compared to 18 percent
today). Of the 497 occupations tracked by the government, women have
increased their representation in 106 job categories.
aged 25 to 35 in those occupations with the largest increase in numbers
of women who work full-time earned the same as men in those fields,
regardless of motherhood status, hours worked or other factors, the
analysis of 2000 Bureau of Labor Statistics data found. In fact, women
actually earned slightly more than men in the same field of the same
age bracket, but the difference is not statistically significant.
those top ten occupations, EPF found that women earn an average of
$823 per week, while their male equivalents earned $813 per week -
in other words, these women earn 101 percent of what men in their
field do. Looking at older age groups, women age 35-44 earned 80 percent
of what men did, and women age 45-54 earn 25 percent less than men
— however, this difference can be explained in the number of hours
that women work per week. Women in these fields work, on average,
5 hours less compared to their men colleagues. Therefore, when earnings
are compared on an hourly basis, women in these fields — no matter
their age - earn exactly the same as their male equivalents.
some other traditionally-male fields, such as accounting, financial
managers, economists, actuaries and editors and reporters, women now
outnumber men compared to a decade ago, according to the analysis.
Women now account for 46 percent of the total U.S. workforce, and
may outnumber men by the year 2025, according to EPF's projections.
courtesy of the Employment
us your thoughts
& Careers |