How to Prepare Your Car for All Terrain Road Trips
with the domestic and international issues currently in the news,
many Americans are replacing tropical and international vacations
this summer with good, old-fashioned trips to closer-to-home destinations. Road trips to the beach, mountains,
desert or popular American cities may present opportunities to see
the country, catch up on the radio's top tunes or bond with family
or friends. But they can also be especially straining on vehicles
that are not properly prepared for such trips. Car trouble due to
neglected preventive maintenance can add unexpected expense to and
deduct valuable time from vacations, often bringing many getaways
to an abrupt and undesirable end. "A long, sustained drive, coupled
with the severe environmental conditions of popular summertime destinations,
can be a recipe for disaster if a car is not checked out in advance,"
said Gary "The Gearhead" Galick of Valvoline Instant Oil
Change (VIOC). "Simple preventive measures, such as having
the oil changed, properly inflating the tires and checking the cooling
system, can prevent unnecessary breakdowns that can ruin a vacation.
And, because well-maintained vehicles are more fuel-efficient, basic
pre-trip checks can also keep vacation expenses down." Galick notes that both the destination
and the route taken to reach it should govern what maintenance checks
are most important to perform on the vehicle. "Different types
of climates and road conditions affect a vehicle's operation in
particular ways," he said. "So, depending on if it's a
drive to the beach, mountains, desert or a major city, there are
specific things motorists should do to condition their cars." Galick offers the following primer
for getting a vehicle road-ready for a drive to popular vacation
spots: Beach Getaway
Level terrain and
warm temperatures in most coastal areas provide a smooth, low-stress,
fuel-efficient cruise to the shoreline. However, salty sea air and
sun-drenched roads require that some special attention be paid to
Wash and wax the vehicle with
a protective product such as Eagle One Wax As-U-Dry to guard the
finish, which can fade and rust from the sun and salty air.
Similarly, thoroughly clean the
underside of the hood and what lies beneath. Chances are, there's
still salt and grime build-up leftover from winter, and added
beach salt may damage electrical connections and fuel and brake
Clean the car's interior with a UV protectant to shield vinyl and plastic surfaces from the sun's harsh rays.
Check the tires for proper inflation pressure, as under-inflated tires consume more energy, and be sure to coat them with a UV-blocking gloss.
Steep, narrow, winding roads, high altitudes and unpaved surfaces make mountain driving a challenge and can put a vehicle through rigors it is unaccustomed to. To prepare for these rough conditions:
Check the vehicle's brakes and replace worn pads to prevent brake fade when descending steep hills.
Have the engine, transmission and final drive checked according to the vehicle owner's manual to lessen the strain mountain driving will put on them. If fluid service is required, consider using synthetic fluids to protect the engine under variable weather conditions and produce better fuel economy.
Inspect the wiper blades and replace them if necessary, as mountain climates are subject to sudden and severe rainfall.
Check the battery for corrosion and remaining charge, as high engine temperatures caused by climbing steep terrain with heavy loads can wear a battery down.
Long drives through the desert's hot, dry climate, sandy roads and intense sun can put extreme strain on any vehicle. To avoid getting stuck miles from the nearest service station:
Prevent the leading cause of on-road engine-related breakdowns — cooling system failure — by having the system flushed and refilled with fresh coolant before heading to the desert. Used coolant loses many of its protective properties and may cause the car to overheat.
Visually inspect the serpentine belt and have it replaced if it shows significant cracks. High hood temperatures and long drives can cause weak belts to fail, which can prevent the car from operating.
Have the HVAC system's performance tested. Driving through the desert without air conditioning or ventilation could be extremely uncomfortable, or even dangerous, especially if there are small children or elderly passengers on-board.
Inspect the tire tread wear and maintain proper air pressure according to the vehicle's owner's manual, as extreme heat can damage both old, worn tires and brand-new ones.
Heavy traffic, short trips and stop-and-go driving can make visiting a popular city a daunting task not only for the driver, but for the vehicle as well. To prevent stalls in bumper-to-bumper traffic on a one-way street:
Have the engine oil changed, using synthetic oil for added protection against the stress created by long periods of idling in city traffic and short trips.
Check the car's air filters when you have the oil changed and replace them if clogged. A dirty air filter may cause the car to idle or run roughly.
Have a fuel system treatment performed to clean intake valve and combustion chamber deposits, which can form faster under stop-and-go driving conditions. Doing so will help to eliminate rough idle, reduce emissions and restore maximum engine power and fuel economy.
Inspect the suspension system and replace the shocks if worn to ensure a smooth ride through uneven, pot-holed city streets.
Not Going Anywhere?
For those motorists whose summer plans may not include a driving vacation, Galick warns of the stress day-to-day warm-weather activities, such as driving the kids to and from games, practices and activities, have on a car. He recommends still taking the time to perform basic maintenance checks on their vehicles. "Even if you're not planning any out-of-town trips, summer is much more enjoyable when you don't have to worry about breakdowns or major vehicle repairs," he said. "And performing basic maintenance checks on your car doesn't need to be an expensive, time-consuming or daunting experience. Virtually all the work can be turned over to a professional." With more than 700 locations, VIOC has certified technicians standing by across the country to help motorists with their summer car care needs, whether their plans call for hitting the road to enjoy Florida's beaches, Tennessee's Smoky Mountains, the deserts of the Southwest or the big city nightlife, or simply staying put in their hometowns. VIOC customers who require service while away from home can access their vehicle service history through the automotive service chain's Maximum Vehicle Performance system simply by stopping at any VIOC service center or by logging onto www.vioc.com, where they can also find the nearest location.